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The Reign of God is universal, absolute, and total. He is not a constitutional monarch like the Queen of England just as He is not a despotic ruler kept in place by force or martial manipulation. The Reign of God is based on His right ownership because He is responsible for creating all things (1). If the universe had a title deed it would list Yahweh, Christ, and the Spirit as the responsible owners. His reign is universal (2). His reign is absolute (3). His reign is total (4).

As  legitimate king over a legitimate realm He is also lawgiver. Because He is righteous and free of any evil, His heart is good. Therefore the law as a reflection of the heart of God is good. To rejoice in the law is to rejoice in the goodness of the heart of God. 

As a legitimate king of a legitimate realm who who has issued a legitimate law, God is also the legitimate Judge (5). In his roles as judge he has decreed what has gone wrong (sin), what He has done about it (substitutionary atonement), and how to remove the penalty of sin (repentance). He is also faithful to warn us that persistent rebellion against Him will be judged according to the standard of His law, and the penalties that is spells out (wrath of God, eternal separation).

So from the vantage points provided above we can now explore the evidence that is set forth in Scripture that bolsters the claim that God is indeed a real and legitimate potentiate. In other words if He is king, then we would expect His word to carry the weight and authority of one whose will is ultimate, non negotiable, non contingent, and final. Theologian Larry Petegrew provides 8 essential understandings regarding the decree of God (6). 

  1. Single: “the counsel of his will” (Eph. 1:11)

  2. Comprehensive: “works all things” (Eph. 1:11), including the ordination of the good actions of people (Eph. 2:10) as well as sinful acts (Prov. 16:4; Acts 2:23; 4:27–28), events that are contingent from a human perspective (Gen. 45:8; 50:20; Prov. 16:33), the means and ends of acts (Ps. 119:89–91; Eph. 1:4; 2 Thess. 2:13), and the length (Job 14:5; Ps. 39:4) and place of a person’s life (Acts 17:26)

  3. Unconditional and not based on outside influences: “according to the counsel of his will” (Eph. 1:11; see also Acts 2:23; Rom. 8:29–30; Eph. 2:8; 1 Pet. 1:2)

  4. Eternal: “who saved us and called us to a holy calling, not because of our works but because of his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus before the ages began” (2 Tim. 1:9; see also Eph. 1:4)

  5. Effectual: “declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose’” (Isa. 46:10; see also Ps. 33:11; Prov. 19:21)

  6. Immutable: “he is unchangeable, and who can turn him back?” (Job 23:13–14; see also Ps. 33:11; Isa. 14:24; 46:10; Acts 2:23)

  7. Ordaining sin and controlling its effects: “God gave them up . . .” (Rom. 1:24, 26, 28; see also Pss. 78:29; 106:15; Acts 14:16; 17:30; Rom. 3:25)

  8. Purpose of the decree: to manifest and bring praise to God’s glory (Rom. 11:33–36; Eph. 1:6, 12, 14; Rev. 4:11)

Thus we see there is sufficient evidence to accept the claim that God is king. As king he reigns over a realm, exercising His will expressed through His law, His kingdom has citizens, and a mission. These things will be explore in subsequent articles.


  • (1)  Genesis 1:1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.

  • (2) Deuteronomy 10:14 Behold, to the Lord your God belong heaven and the heaven of heavens, the earth with all that is in it.

  • (3) Psalm 115:3 Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases.

  • (4) Daniel 4:34(b)-35 for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom endures from generation to generation; all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, and he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, “What have you done?”

  • (5) Matthew 25:31-46

  • (6)  Larry D. Pettegrew, “The Doctrine of God,” unpublished notes (Sun Valley, CA: The Master’s Seminary, n.d.), 169–71. Retrieved from https://www.crossway.org/articles/8-characteristics-of-the-decree-of-god/ on June 5, 2020


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